- AutorIn
- Ekaterina Pärschke
- Titel
- Interplay of Strong Correlation, Spin-Orbit Coupling and Electron-Phonon Interactions in Quasi-2D Iridium Oxides
- Zitierfähige Url:
- https://nbn-resolving.org/urn:nbn:de:bsz:14-qucosa-235245
- Datum der Einreichung
- 04.10.2017
- Datum der Verteidigung
- 23.04.2018
- Abstract (EN)
- In the last decade, a large number of studies have been devoted to the peculiarities of correlated physics found in the quasi-two-dimensional square lattice iridium oxides. It was shown that this 5d family of transition metal oxides has strong structural and electronic similarities to the famous 3d family of copper oxides. Moreover, a delicate interplay of on-site spin-orbit coupling, Coulomb repulsion and crystalline electric field interactions is expected to drive various exotic quantum states. Many theoretical proposals were made in the last decade including the prediction of possible superconductivity in square-lattice iridates emerging as a sister system to high-Tc cuprates, which however met only limited experimental confirmation. One can, therefore, raise a general question: To what extent is the low-energy physics of the quasi-two-dimensional square-lattice iridium oxides different from other transition metal oxides including cuprates? In this thesis we investigate some of the effects which are usually neglected in studies on iridates, focusing on quasi-two-dimensional square-lattice iridates such as Sr2IrO4 or Ba2IrO4. In particular, we discuss the role of the electron-phonon coupling in the form of Jahn-Teller interaction, electron-hole asymmetry introduced by the strong correlations and some effects of coupling scheme chosen to calculate multiplet structure for materials with strong on-site spin-orbit coupling. Thus, firstly, we study the role of phonons, which is almost always neglected in Sr2IrO4, and discuss the manifestation of Jahn-Teller effect in the recent data obtained on Sr2IrO4 with the help of resonant inelastic x-ray scattering. When strong spin-orbit coupling removes orbital degeneracy, it would at the same time appear to render the Jahn-Teller mechanism ineffective. We show that, while the Jahn-Teller effect does indeed not affect the antiferromagnetically ordered ground state, it leads to distinctive signatures in the spin-orbit exciton. Second, we focus on charge excitations and determine the motion of a charge (hole or electron) added to the Mott insulating, antiferromagnetic ground-state of square-lattice iridates. We show that correlation effects, calculated within the self-consistent Born approximation, render the hole and electron case very different. An added electron forms a spin-polaron, which closely resembles the well-known cuprates, but the situation of a removed electron is far more complex. Many-body configurations form that can be either singlets and triplets, which strongly affects the hole motion. This not only has important ramifications for the interpretation of angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy and inverse photoemission spectroscopy experiments of square lattice iridates, but also demonstrates that the correlation physics in electron- and hole-doped iridates is fundamentally different. We then discuss the application of this model to the calculation of scanning tunneling spectroscopy data. We show that using scanning tunneling spectroscopy one can directly probe the quasiparticle excitations in Sr2IrO4: ladder spectrum on the positive bias side and multiplet structure of the polaron on the negative bias side. We discuss in detail the ladder spectrum and show its relevance for Sr2IrO4 which is in general described by more complicated extended t-J -like model. Theoretical calculation reveals that on the negative bias side the internal degree of freedom of the charge excitation introduces strong dispersive hopping channels encaving ladder-like features. Finally, we discuss how the choice of the coupling scheme to calculate multiplet structure can affect the theoretical calculation of angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy and scanning tunnelling spectroscopy spectral functions.
- Freie Schlagwörter (DE)
- Tieftemperaturphysik, Spin-Bahn-Kopplung, Starke Korrelationen, Iridaten, ARPES, IPES, STS, RIXS
- Freie Schlagwörter (EN)
- condensed matter physics, spin-orbit coupling, strong correlations, iridates, ARPES, IPES, STS, RIXS, t-J model
- Klassifikation (DDC)
- 530
- Klassifikation (RVK)
- UP 2300
- GutachterIn
- Prof. Dr. Jeroen van den Brink
- Dr. Krzysztof Wohlfeld

- Den akademischen Grad verleihende / prüfende Institution
- Technische Universität Dresden, Dresden
- URN Qucosa
- urn:nbn:de:bsz:14-qucosa-235245
- Veröffentlichungsdatum Qucosa
- 30.05.2018
- Dokumenttyp
- Dissertation
- Sprache des Dokumentes
- Englisch
- Lizenz / Rechtehinweis