- AutorIn
- Andreas Wilde
- Titel
- Anwendung des Lattice-Boltzmann-Verfahrens zur Berechnung strömungsakustischer Probleme
- Zitierfähige Url:
- https://nbn-resolving.org/urn:nbn:de:swb:14-1171978663959-26442
- Übersetzter Titel (EN)
- Application of the Lattice-Boltzmann-method to computation of flow acoustic problems
- Datum der Einreichung
- 23.02.2006
- Datum der Verteidigung
- 12.12.2006
- Abstract (EN)
- The Lattice-Boltzmann-model is analyzed with regard to application to numerical solution of flow acoustic problems. In the first part of this study the description of sound wave propagation by common variants of the Lattice-Boltzmann-model is examined by calculation of phase velocity and effective viscosity for sound waves. Schemes with nine velocities in two dimensions and nineteen velocities in three dimensions are considered. For each of these a single relaxation time model (LBGK-model) and a multiple relaxation time model (MRT) is investigated. All schemes exhibit an almost isotropic error in phase speed of sound waves. With a spatial resolution of 10 or 30 grid spacings per wavelength the deviation of phase speed is less than 1 % or 0.1 %, respectively. The dissipation of sound waves is not simulated correctly by LBGK-models since there the bulk viscosity is fixed to the shear viscosity. Apart from that there is only very little numerical dissipation. The dissipation error therefor is negligible in the audible frequency range in air as long as the simulation volumes do not become very large, i.e. much more than some hundred wavelengths. The MRT-models allow to adjust the bulk viscosity by a suitable choice of relaxation parameters. However, if the bulk viscosity is set to a realistic value, stability of the scheme requires free relaxation parameter values which are close to the relaxation parameters that determine the viscosities. Then the gain in stability of MRT-models compared to LBGK-models is lost to some extent. All schemes considered here are able to reproduce the effect of sound wave convection in homogeneous background flows. Although additional numerical errors arise in transport coefficients, the overall errors are of the same order of magnitude as in the case with zero background flow and are not critical in practical applications. In the second part of the work numerical experiments are described which demonstrate the coupling of the flow- and sound field. Three test cases are considered: Sound generation by a single vortex interaction with the leading edge of a semi-infinite flat plate, sound generation by a grazing flow over a partially covered cavity and instationary flow around a half-cylinder with an attached wedge tail. The first test case is simulated in two dimensions with a self-written program. The sound calculated directly is compared to prediction based on an acoustic analogy. The observed amplitudes of the radiated sound agree quantitatively well for all flow and eddy velocities considered here. This implies, that the coupling of the sound and flow field is correct. In the case of the cavity the flow is computed in two dimensions with a self-written program as well as in three dimensions with the commercially available program PowerFLOW. The simulated pressure fluctuations in the cavity are compared to results of a wind tunnel experiment. Good agreement between simulation and wind tunnel experiment is found. The instationary flow around a half cylinder with an attached wedge tail is simulated in three dimensions using PowerFLOW. The radiated sound cannot be captured with PowerFLOW because of insufficient quantization of fluid density. However, pressure fluctuations on the surface of the body exhibit good agreement with the result of a wind tunnel test. Summarizing the results of this work it can concluded, that the Lattice-Boltzmann-model is well suited to numerical solutions of flow acoustic problems.
- Freie Schlagwörter (DE)
- Lattice-Boltzmann, Schall, Akustik, Dispersion, Dissipation, Schallerzeugung
- Freie Schlagwörter (EN)
- Lattice-Boltzmann, sound, acoustics, dispersion, dissipation, sound generation
- Klassifikation (DDC)
- 620
- Klassifikation (RVK)
- ZG 9120
- Normschlagwörter (GND)
- Strömungsakustik, Numerisches Verfahren, Gitter-Boltzmann-Methode
- GutachterIn
- Prof. Dr.-Ing. habil. Peter Költzsch
- Prof. Dr. Jan Delfs
- Prof. Dr. Manfred Krafczyk

- BetreuerIn
- Prof. Dr.-Ing. habil. Peter Költzsch

- Verlag
- Technische Universität Dresden, Dresden
- URN Qucosa
- urn:nbn:de:swb:14-1171978663959-26442
- Veröffentlichungsdatum Qucosa
- 20.02.2007
- Dokumenttyp
- Dissertation
- Sprache des Dokumentes
- Deutsch