Ekaterina Biehlig

Design of Smart Polymeric Materials with Responsive / Adaptive Adhesion Properties

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http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:bsz:14-qucosa-118293

Kurzfassung in Englisch

Adhesion between different objects is happening everywhere. Without it, simple procedures like walking or holding something in a hand or attaching a postage stamp would be impossible. The life itself depends on adhesion on all levels, starting from the interactions between the living cells.

Adhesion between two substrates is a complex phenomenon, which at present is still not well understood. There are several factors determining the strength of adhesion: (i) molecular interactions at interface, (ii) mechanical properties of adhesive, and (iii) area of contact between adhesive and probing surface. Two surfaces are tacky when they possess the right balance between these factors.

Controlling the adhesion of materials is important in many fields ranging from industrial purposes to biomedical applications and everyday usage. There is a demand for “smart” materials with integrated functionalities that make them responsive, switchable, biocompatible, anti-bacterial, more energy efficient, or autonomous. In particular, materials for such cutting-edge applications like cell culture, drug delivery, tissue engineering, biosensors, anti/biofouling, microfluidics, climbing robots, sport equipment and many others require adjustable/tuneable adhesive properties.
Many efforts were directed towards fabrication of materials with either weak or strong adhesion depending on the field of application. However, design of “smart” surfaces with reversibly switchable/controllable adhesion is still a highly challenging task.

Therefore, the thesis aims on design of smart polymeric materials with responsive / adaptive adhesion properties. For this, fabrication and investigation of two types of switchable polymer layers based on stimuli-responsive polymer brushes will be performed. The first group is dealing with thermoresponsive polymer brushes: poly-(N-isopropylacrylamide) and two types of biocompatible polyethylene glycol-based systems. These polymer layers undergo phase transition below and above LCST between hydrophilic and hydrophobic states. The second part of the work is related to solvent-responsive comb-like and block copolymer brushes consisted of hydrophilic PEG and hydrophobic PDMS biocompatible and biodegradable polymers.

weitere Metadaten

Schlagwörter
(Deutsch)
Adhäsion, Polymerbürste, schaltbare Adhäsion, Rasterkraftmikroskop
Schlagwörter
(Englisch)
Adhesion, switchability, adaptation, polymer brushes, atomic force microscope, colloidal probe technik, tack test
DDC Klassifikation540
RVK KlassifikationVK 8007
Institution(en) 
HochschuleTechnische Universität Dresden
FakultätFakultät Mathematik und Naturwissenschaften
BetreuerProf. Dr. Manfred Stamm
GutachterProf. Dr. Manfred Stamm
Prof. Dr. Costantino Creton
DokumententypDissertation
SpracheEnglisch
Tag d. Einreichung (bei der Fakultät)17.12.2012
Tag d. Verteidigung / Kolloquiums / Prüfung02.07.2013
Veröffentlichungsdatum (online)11.07.2013
persistente URNurn:nbn:de:bsz:14-qucosa-118293

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