David Daniel Raphael Sebinger

Exogenous modulation of embryonic tissue and stem cells to form nephronal structures

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Kurzfassung in Englisch

Renal tissue engineering and regenerative medicine represent a significant clinical objective because of the very limited prospect of cure after classical kidney treatment. Thus, approaches to isolate, manipulate and reintegrate structures or stimulating the selfregenerative potential of renal tissue are of special interest. Such new strategies go back to knowledge and further outcome of developmental biological research. An understanding of extracellular matrix (ECM) structure and composition forms thereby a particularly significant aspect in comprehending the complex dynamics of tissue regeneration. Consequently the reconstruction of these structures offers beneficial options for advanced cell and tissue culture technology and tissue engineering. In an effort to investigate the influence of natural extracellular structures and components on embryonic stem cell and renal embryonic tissue, methodologies which allow the easy application of exogenous signals on tissue in vitro on the one hand and the straight forward evaluation of decellularization methods on the other hand, were developed. Both systems can be used to investigate and modulate behaviour of biological systems and represent novel interesting tools for tissue engineering. The novel technique for culturing tissue in vitro allows the growing of embryonic renal explants in very low volumes of medium and optimized observability, which makes it predestined for testing additives. In particular, this novel culture set up provides an ideal opportunity to investigate renal development and structure formation. Further studies indicated that the set is universally applicable on all kinds of (embryonic) tissue. Following hereon, more than 20 different ECM components were tested for their impact on kidney development under 116 different culture conditions, including different concentrations and being either bound to the substrate or dissolved in the culture medium. This allowed to study the role of ECM constituents on renal structure formation. In ongoing projects, kidney rudiments are exposed to aligned matrix fibrils and hydrogels with first promising results. The insights gained thereof gave rise to a basis for the rational application of exogenous signals in regenerative kidney therapies. Additionally new strategies for decellularization of whole murine adult kidneys were explored by applying different chemical agents. The obtained whole matrices were analysed for their degree of decellularization and their residual content and composition. In a new straight forward approach, a dependency of ECM decellularization efficiency to the different agents used for decellularization could be shown. Moreover the capability of the ECM isolated from whole adult kidneys to direct stem cell differentiation towards renal cell linage phenotypes was proved. The data obtained within this thesis give an innovative impetus to the design of biomaterial scaffolds with defined and distinct properties, offering exciting options for tissue engineering and regenerative kidney therapies by exogenous cues.

weitere Metadaten

Schlagwörter
(Deutsch)
Nierenentwicklung, Nierenregeneration, Emryonales Gewebe, Organkultur, Nephron, Extrazelluläre Matrix, Biomaterialien
Schlagwörter
(Englisch)
kidney development, kidney regeneration, organ culture, extracellular matrix, tissue engineering, nephron, ureteric bud, embryonic tissue, ES cells, biomaterials
DDC Klassifikation540
RVK KlassifikationWG 2000
Institution(en) 
HochschuleTechnische Universität Dresden
FakultätFakultät Mathematik und Naturwissenschaften
ProfessurBiofunktionale Polymer Materialien
BetreuerDr. rer. nat. Carsten Werner
GutachterDr. rer. nat. Carsten Werner
PhD Patricia Murray
DokumententypDissertation
SpracheEnglisch
Tag d. Einreichung (bei der Fakultät)25.10.2012
Tag d. Verteidigung / Kolloquiums / Prüfung26.04.2013
Veröffentlichungsdatum (online)04.07.2013
persistente URNurn:nbn:de:bsz:14-qucosa-116811
InhaltsverzeichnisTable of Contents
LISTS OF FIGURES AND TABLES VI
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS..................................................................................VII
ABSTRACT ............................................................................................................IX
NOMENCLATURE ................................................................................................X
1 INTRODUCTION...................................................................................................1
2 FUNDAMENTALS..................................................................................................2
2.1 KIDNEY DEVELOPMENT AND REGENERATION ...............................................................................2
2.1.1 Function of the kidney............................................................................................2
2.1.2 Development of the metanephric kidney ................................................................2
2.1.3 Selfregenerative potential of the kidney.................................................................5
2.2 THE EXTRACELLULAR MATRIX AS BIOLOGICAL SCAFFOLD ...............................................................6
2.2.1 Molecular composition of the ECM........................................................................7
2.2.1.1 An overview of the main ECM components..................................................................................8
2.2.2 Cell/tissue-matrix interactions.............................................................................12
2.2.2.1 Biochemical signals....................................................................................................................13
2.2.2.2 Mechanical signals......................................................................................................................14
2.2.2.3 Structural signals........................................................................................................................15
2.3 TISSUE ENGINEERING FOR THERAPEUTIC PURPOSES .....................................................................15
2.3.1 An overview of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine.............................15
2.3.2 Biomaterials for tissue engineering and regenerative medicine...........................18
2.3.2.1 Decellularization approach as tool to extract natural matrices....................................................19
2.3.3 Tissue engineering and regenerative medicine in kidney treatment.....................19
2.4 ORGAN AND TISSUE CULTURE AS TOOL FOR TISSUE ENGINEERING...................................................22
2.4.1 Common organ culture systems............................................................................24
3 OBJECTIVES AND MOTIVATION...................................................................25
4 RESULTS AND DISCUSSION............................................................................27
4.1 A NOVEL, LOW-VOLUME METHOD FOR ORGAN CULTURE OF EMBRYONIC KIDNEYS THAT ALLOWS
DEVELOPMENT OF CORTICO-MEDULLARY ANATOMICAL ORGANIZATION..............................................27
4.1.1 Additional evidences (to Appendix A) for stress reduction of kidney rudiments
cultured in the novel system than those grown in conventional organ culture.....28
4.1.2 Additional evidences (to Appendix A) for corticomedullary zonation and improved
development of kidney rudiments cultured in the novel system for a period of 12
days......................................................................................................................30
4.1.3 Additional evidences (to Appendix A) for the application of the glass based low
volume culture system for other organs................................................................32
4.2 ECM MODULATED EARLY KIDNEY DEVELOPMENT IN ORGAN CULTURE ...........................................34
4.3 ESTABLISHING AND EVALUATING DECELLULARIZATION TECHNIQUES TO ISOLATE WHOLE KIDNEY ECMS
FROM ADULT MURINE KIDNEYS................................................................................................37
4.4 THE ABILITY OF WHOLE DECELLULARIZED ECM CONSTRUCTS TO INFLUENCE MURINE EMBRYONIC STEM
CELL DIFFERENTIATION AND RENAL TISSUE BEHAVIOUR IN A NEW STRAIGHT FORWARD APPROACH..........38
iv
5 SUMMARY AND OUTLOOK.............................................................................39
5.1 SUMMARY..........................................................................................................................39
5.2 OUTLOOK...........................................................................................................................42
6 BIBLIOGRAPHY.................................................................................................49
7 APPENDICES..........................................................................................................I
7.1 APPENDIX A: A NOVEL, LOW-VOLUME METHOD FOR ORGAN CULTURE OF EMBRYONIC KIDNEYS
THAT ALLOWS DEVELOPMENT OF CORTICO-MEDULLARY ANATOMICAL ORGANIZATION......................I
7.2 APPENDIX B: ECM MODULATED EARLY KIDNEY DEVELOPMENT IN EMBRYONIC ORGAN CULTURE ....XIX
7.3 APPENDIX C: THE DEWAXED ECM: AN EASY METHOD TO ANALYZE CELL BEHAVIOUR ON
DECELLULARIZED EXTRACELLULAR MATRICES.......................................................................XLIV
7.4 PUBLICATIONS AND SCIENTIFIC CONTRIBUTIONS......................................................................LXV
7.5 SELBSTSTÄNDIGKEITSERKLÄRUNG......................................................................................LXIX

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